You Can Build Your Own Electric Fencing
Building your own electric fencing can be a simple task, only if you know what you are doing. It is crucial to appreciate that construction of this fencing can be filled with hazardous consequences, if the job is improperly done. An electric fence is not like an appliance that can be easily plugged in or switched on or off. Although the concept in operation is relatively simple, it requires some careful thought.
If you are considering electric fencing to protect your property, there may be some serious legal ramifications that should first be considered, as it may even be illegal in some regions. If your property is a farm, your fence may be designed to serve different purposes. You may wish to keep animals and livestock within the borders, or your may also wish to keep intruders out.
In addition to the design, the important considerations are the material used in construction of the fence. Smooth steel wire is most commonly used for electric fencing, because of the good conductivity and robustness offered with high-tensile wire. Woven or barbed wire may also be used judiciously, as it is more hazardous, and increases the potential for liabilities. Synthetic or composite materials that are composed of intricately woven, conducting materials are finding increased usage in the construction of fences, and may be suitable in areas where high visibility is desired.
The main concern in the construction and operation of this type of fencing is insulation. The fence must be securely insulated, and direct contact with other conductive materials must be avoided. Contact with vegetation, and direct attachment to wood or metal object should be avoided at all costs. Ideally posts that are buried into ground should be made of plastic, the fence or wire conductive material can then be connected to the posts with the use of porcelain or plastic insulators.
Other important considerations are the source of the electrical energy, and how it will be used. Most fence chargers are of low impedance, and the charge is stored and supplied by solid-state circuitry. These chargers provide controlled and consistent power output, and can be driven either by battery or by main AC power supply. Another alternative is to use solar power to generate electrical energy to charge your fence.
Electrical fences, consume relatively very little power, when they are properly maintained. A fully charged lead-acid battery may be capable of energizing a few hundred meters of this fencing for several weeks. You can also use dry cell batteries if a shorter period is desired. There are regulations that should be followed in the construction and installation of electric fences. Specifications can include the number of posts and the distances between them, and how and where the wires may be tied.
Undertaking the construction, and or installation of this fence can be challenging, and depending on the nature and scope of the job, it can turn into an expensive proposition, if is not handled properly. It is likely not an area where you should expect to gain expertise from practise.