Australian Properties

Jungle Well Project

The Jungle Well Rare Earth Project is located 80km west of Leonora and was recognized for its REE potential, however, no analysis was carried out during a late 1990’s diamond exploration program. During 2007 a trench sampling programme identified significant RE values from an exposed dike of 6.9% and 8% REE.

  • Evaluated for diamonds in 1990’s,
  • During 2007, a trench sampling programme identified significant REE values from an exposed dike of 6.9% and 8% REE.

A 2009 follow-up sampling produced the following results:


Laverton Project

The Laverton Rare Earth Project is located 45km north of Mt Weld and has two untested circular magnetic features.

It’s important to note that rare earth mineralization occurs in residual regolith over a carbonatite plug at Mt Weld.

Carbonatite veins occur up to 5km from the main plug at Mt Weld which is surrounded by a 500-meter radius annulus of alkali metasomatism comprising alkali feldspar and biotite.…

Archie Lake Property

  • Archie Lake Rare Earth Element Property located 50 kilometers east of Uranium City, Saskatchewan and 50 km south of Great Western Minerals Hoidas Lake REE Deposit.
  • Historic exploration and results on the property returned significant concentrations of Rare Earth Elements (REEs).
  • Historic government reports yield assays up to 15.7% RE2O3, 2.31% Thorium
  • Chip samples from 2009 exploration program came back with 29.9% TREE+Y
  • The property consists of one mineral claim covering an area of 2,108 hectares
  • Main tested zone 5m wide traced for 600m on surface
  • Paleo-placer type deposit
  • 50km south of Hoidas lake deposit (1.3 million tonnes avg more than 2% TREE+Y)
  • Never drilled!

Recent Result Overview

Mineralization confirmed in all trenches, with one chip sample returning a high of 29.9% REE+Y (Semi-Quantitative Analysis), and an overall average of 3.8% for the 36 samples

  • A total of five samples exceeded Acme Lab’s detection limits for one to four of the lanthanides (Ce, La, Nd, and Pr).
  • A total of 18 samples exceed 2% REE+Y, of which six exceed 5% REE+Y and three exceed 10% REE+Y.
  • Thin sections confirm Monazite-(Ce) as the near-exclusive REE-bearing mineral, with most grains ranging from 200 μm to 1 mm+ Monazite may locally comprise up to 60% of host lithology


The historical exploration of the area is summarized in February 1971 assessment reports (not NI43-101 compliant) on file with the Saskatchewan Ministry of Mines. Historic exploration on the property includes an airborne radiometric survey and follow-up prospecting and trenching over one of the anomalies identified. The main showing is postulated to be a paleo-placer type deposit, with monazite crystals constituting up to 50% of the rock in places. The assay reports from the previous exploration showed that ten samples analyzed by spectrographic analysis method showed elevated concentrations of Rare Earth Oxides. Values ranged from 0.1 to 15.7% RE2O3 and averaged 4.04% RE2O3. Individual elemental rare-earth abundances are in the following order: lanthanum, cerium, gadolinium, lutetium, terbium, and ytterbium, with trace amounts of scandium and yttrium.

Property Sampling

The work program performed by Dahrouge Geological Consulting Ltd., of Edmonton, Alberta, entailed extensive surface sampling to follow up on historic samples obtained through previous government assessment work on the property.  Crews were mobilized to the property on October 4th, with a number of samples having already been sent for rush assays.  Following receipt of assay results, the Company intends to commission a technical report on the Archie Lake project in accordance with NI 43-101

During early October, a total of 36 rock samples were collected from six historic trenches and one small blast pit at the property.  Samples were sent to Acme Analytical of Vancouver, BC. (Acme) for whole rock and trace element analysis with rare earths determined using ICP-MS.  Check analysis was performed by AGAT Laboratories Ltd. (AGAT), Mississauga ON, and the Saskatchewan Research Council (SRC), Saskatoon, SK using an ICP-OES method capable of achieving higher detection limits; on a subset of the original 36 samples.

Mineralization was confirmed in all six trenches plus one small unnamed blast pit.  As reported by Acme, one chip sample returned a high of 29.9% REE+Y (Semi-Quantitative Analysis).  A total of five samples exceeded Acme’s detection limits for one to four of the lanthanides (Ce, La, Nd, and Pr).  Two of these samples exceeded 15% total rare earth plus yttrium (REE+Y).  Of all 36 samples analyzed, a total of 18 samples exceed 2% REE+Y, six exceed 5% REE+Y with three exceeding 10% REE+Y.  The peak value was comprised of nearly 60% monazite representing a highly mineralized pod within the overall zone.

The maximum value of 29.9% REE+Y reported by Acme, was reanalyzed by AGAT as 21.1% REE+Y, and 29.2% REE+Y by the SRC.  All other check samples were within acceptable limits.

A complete sample section across the mineralized zone was obtained in Trench ‘c’.  Semi-continuous chip sampling across an approximate 5 m width returned 5.9% REE+Y.

Preliminary thin section work has been completed on select samples by Allison Brand of Mackevoy Geosciences Ltd.  It was determined that monazite-(Ce) are the near-exclusive contributor to the mineralization, dominated by Ce, La, Nd, and Pr.

Approximately 250 meters of the mineralized zone was traversed by the field crew during the fall 2009 exploration. Several trenches to the northwest, with historic mineralization reported, were not visited. Thus, the potential to extend the zone, and trace the mineralization over several hundred meters remains a strong possibility. The mineralized horizon approaches widths of six meters as evident in one trench and has not been tested at depths beyond the surface blasted of trenches. The 2009 exploration focused on re-sampling historic trenches and did not allow much time to trace the mineralization between the trenches.…

Elk Creek Niobium & Rare Earth Project, Nebraska, USA

Quantum acquired the Elk Creek project in South East Nebraska on May 4th, 2010. The Elk Creek project is a former Molycorp project. Molycorp left in the early 1990’s when they left all of their exploration to focus on their Mountain Pass project in California. Quantum has since taken up where Molycorp left off.  Niobium demand has increased on average 10% a year for the past decade, with growth forecast to continue in similar fashion in the coming decade.  Niobium prices have increased in line with this growth. Rare-Earth prices have also seen dramatic increases.

Based on current forecasts, Niobium production from the three current producers is undergoing expansion. CBMM in Brazil, the world’s leading producer, is expanding capacity to meet this demand.  The Niobec mine in Quebec, owned by Iamgold, is also undergoing expansion plans in hopes to triple their production levels in the next few years. Despite this increase in production from the three producers, the possibility of demand outstripping supply by the end of the decade remains, opening the doors for additional production to fulfill market needs.

In addition, the prospect of Niobium becoming a material that nations begin stockpiling for strategic purposes could also add additional demands on production. Currently, the U.S. (who import 100% of their Niobium supply), China and several EU countries have all announced their intention to begin stockpiling.

Quantum’s Elk Creek Niobium deposit is the only primary Niobium deposit in the US, and is the highest-grade, large-tonnage undeveloped deposit in North America.

Given the rapid demand growth of Niobium, the limited number of current and potential deposits, the company feels it has an excellent opportunity to secure a partner to advance the deposit towards production.

Elk Creek Highlights:

– 19.3 Mt @ 0.67%  Nb2O5 – Indicated and 83.3 Mt @ 0.63% Nb2O5 – Inferred

– 129,182,000 kg of contained Nb2O5 – Indicated  and 523,844,000 kg of contained Nb2O5 – Inferred

– Potentially one of the “largest global resources of Niobium and Rare-Earth elements”, according to USGS

– 150,000 feet of historical drill core from 113 holes drilled by Molycorp in the 1970s and 80s

– August 2011, Quantum released 3 holes that were the first holes to be drilled across the deposit- highlight: 131 m Nb2O5

– Substantial historic TREO intercepts, including 54.9m of 3.30%, contained in 155 m of 2.70%

– In September 2011, Quantum released 2 rare earth holes 2.5 km away from the main niobium zone- highlight: 68.18 m 3.32% TREO


The Elk Creek Carbonatite, located in southeastern Nebraska an hour south of Lincoln. The niobium deposit is roughly 800 x 400 x 400 meters. The deposit is open in 3 directions including at depth.

elk creek niobium

rare earth highlights map

(Light green indicates niobium zones, with the core deposit area, circled in red. Purple indicates REE zones.)

Main Niobium Zone Drill Hole Intercepts from the Elk Creek Project

2011 Summer Niobium Zone Drill Program Results

-NEC11-01: 235.22 m of 0.73% Nb2O5
-Including 54.13 m of 1.17% Nb2O5

-NEC11-002: 179.18 m of 0.87% Nb2O5
-Including 131.03 m of 1.02% Nb2O5
-Including 34.16 m of 1.23% Nb2O5

-NEC11-003: 130.37 m of 0.58% Nb2O5
-Including 34.16 m of 0.94% Nb2O5

Historical Molycorp Drill Holes from Re-Sampling Program on Historic Core

Drillhole From (meters) To (meters) Interval (meters) Nb2O5%1
EC-11 243.8 384.0 140.2 0.64
Including 300.2 324.6 24.4 1.19
EC-11 501.4 768.1 266.7 0.71 41.1
Including 696.5 768.1 71.6 1.19
EC-14 378.0 707.1 329.2 0.57 57.9
Including 378.0 445.0 67.1 0.71
621.8 676.7 54.9 0.73
EC-16 362.7 774.2 411.5 0.64 15.2
Including 551.7 682.8 131.1 0.74
707.1 774.2 67.1 0.91
EC-26 429.8 688.8 259.1 0.77 3.0
Including 554.7 597.4 42.7 1.10
615.7 688.8 73.2 0.95
EC-27 362.7 411.5 48.8 0.57 3.0
EC-28 198.1 769.6 571.5 0.68
Including 262.1 317.0 54.9 0.72
442.0 612.6 170.7 0.86
EC-29 298.7 499.9 201.2 0.99 3.0
Including 396.2 472.4 76.2 1.27
EC-30 213.4 362.7 149.4 0.65 17.4
Including 317.0 353.6 36.6 1.12
EC-30 509.0 688.8 179.8 0.60
Including 661.4 685.8 24.4 0.95
EC-31 216.4 268.2 51.8 0.79
EC-32 198.7 222.5 23.8 0.67
EC-32 576.1 603.5 27.4 0.70
1Nb2O5 by ALS Chemex of North Vancouver

The NI 43-101 report is available for public viewing on SEDAR as of May, 2011.

The map below shows Quantum’s 2011 drill holes in red and the proximity of the main niobium zone to the main rare earth zone marked by NEC11-004

dill hole location map

Rare Earth Highlights

3 Main Rare Earth Zones Identified. Quantum Drilled 2 holes in the Eastern Anomaly, Summer 2011.

– NEC11-004: 236.19 meters of 2.10% TREO – Sept 2011
— Including 68.18 m of 3.32% TREO

Eastern Anomaly – located approximately 2.5 kilometers east of the central Niobium deposit

– EC-93: 155.5m @ 2.70% TREO
— Including 54.9 m @ 3.30% TREO

– EC-55: 211.8 m @ 1.12% TREO

– EC-43: 134.1 m @ 1.22% TREO
— Including 22.9m @ 2.35% TREO
— Including 6.1m @ 5.07% TREO

Western REE Anomaly – located approximately 1,000 metres northwest of the central niobium deposit.

– EC-4: 15.2m @ 1.14% TREO

– EC-41: 112.8 m @ 1.13% TREO

Central REE Anomaly – located directly adjacent to and up to 1.6 kilometres northeast of the central niobium deposit.

– EC-17: 64.0m @ 1.19% TREO
— Including 24.4m @ 1.97% TREO

– EC-19: 50.3 m @ 1.09% TREO

– EC-21: 21.0 m @ 1.60% TREO

– EC-48: 67.1 m @ 1.26%

*Total Rare Earth Oxides (TREO) include La2O3, Ce2O3, Pr2O3, Nd2O3, Sm2O3, Eu2O3, Gd2O3, Tb2O3, Dy2O3, Ho2O3, Er2O3, Tm2O3, Yb2O3, Lu2O3 and Y2O3. The result of the sampling to date has identified mostly Light Rare Earth Oxides (LREO) mineralization, in order of abundance: La2O3, Ce2O3, Nd2O3, Pr2O3, and Sm2O3.

Elk Creek Image Gallery